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SPORT FUKIYA -ENGLISH-


Motion of Sport Fukiya

Any sport has its basic motions and forms. If you do not learn them, you cannot have good results. The same is true of Sport Fukiya. It is not so simple as just holding a pipe to your mouth and blowing. To fully enjoy the sport and maximize the good effect it has on your health, you need to master basic motions and practice them.
In the next section, we will explain the equipment used in Sport Fukiya and the basic motions made with them.

 
- Equipment -
The following is a list of the equipment used in Sport Fukiya. All equipment is authorized by Japan Sport Fukiya Association.
Pipe
  Length: 1200mm ±3mm (47 inches ±0.39 inch)
1000mm ±3mm (39 inches ±0.33 inch) for children and the handicapped
Inner Diameter: 13mm (0.5 inch)
Material: coated fiberglass plastic, carbon plastic, etc.
(1 on picture)
Ya (Dart)
  Length: 200mm (7.8 inches)
Material: plastic film and metal
(2 on picture)
Mato Sticker (Target Sticker)
  Scoring Numbers: 7, 5, 3, 1 points
Material: paper
(3 on picture)
Mato Base (Target Base)
  Size: 330 x 330mm (12.9 x 12.9inches)
Material: urethane
(4 on picture)
Equipment
You are required to use authorized equipment in practicing Sport Fukiya as in any sport. In baseball, it would be unfair if players use a heavy ball in one inning and a light ball in the next. It would also be impossible to estimate the players ability correctly. In kendo, if one player uses a bamboo sword while the other uses a wooden sword, it would be extremely dangerous; it would no longer be a sport, but a duel.
From these examples, you will understand that any sport needs prescribed equipment for players to compete with. The association determined the equipment written above after deliberating their safety, accuracy, and handiness.
For beginners, we have prepared an authorized introductory set containing a pipe case, a pipe cleaner, a dart holder, Yanuki (used to pull out darts from the target), a lesson video, and a guidebook.
 
Basic Motions
Learning sport Fukiya Breathing
Sport Fukiya is designed to help people live a healthy life. It derives its ability from Sport Fukiya Breathing that is based on abdominal breathing. The Basic Motions are so arranged as to make the most of Sport Fukiya Breathing. While training and learning the Basic Motions you will understand the importance of “Shingi-Remma ” (the training of the spirit and technique) that is set up as the eternal motto of Sport Fukiya.
The Basic motions are a series of motions that begin from and end with Rei/Bow. The smooth motions create beautiful forms, bring about deep breathing, heighten concentration, and give you vitality.
With a video (or a DVD)“Enjoying Sport Fukiya” and “Sport Fukiya Guide Book”, published by Japan Sport Fukiya Association, please train the Basic Motions, and learn the forms of Sport Fukiya and Sport Fukiya Breathing.
 
These are several basic motions of Sport Fukiya.
 
1.
Rei/Bow take a bow towards the Mato
 
2.
Kamaeru/Stance stand still with your legs shoulder-width apart
 
3.
Raise your pipe breathe in through your nose as you raise your pipe
 
4.
Exhale breathe out through your mouth as you lower your pipe
 
5.
Inhale look at the Mato and taking a deep breath, aim at the Mato
 
6.
Blow make one short strong blow
 
7.
Calm-down calm your breathing while lowering your pipe
 
8.
Rei/Bow take a bow toward the Mato
Conducting these motions correctly with Sport Fukiya Breathing will heighten concentration and bring about a wonderful effect on your body and mind.
 
Explanation of Basic Motions

The basic motions are a “kata”(correct form), which constitute the basis of practicing Sport Fukiya, designed by Japan Sport Fukiya Association.
The importance of these motions cannot be overstated for here lies the very essence of “Shingi-renma” to achieve good health.
Please read this booklet thoroughly so that you may avoid simple aiming games and master the Sport Fukiya Breathing.

Note: Basic motions will be modified to accommodate handicapped players, upon discussion with authorized instructors.

 
Basic Motion 1 Rei/Bow

In traditional Japanese martial arts and traditional Japanese arts, bowing must be done at the beginning and end, which is the same for Sport Fukiya. You will realize the meaning of bowing in increasing depth as you practice and train your spirit and technique.

Stand right in front of the Mato. (See Picture A)
Hold your pipe in between the thumb and forefinger of your dominant hand.
Do not bend your elbow and do not touch your pipe onto the floor.
Look at the Mato.
Take a bow towards the Mato. (See Picture B)
When you bow, try not to swing your pipe backward.
One round is done with five darts. Take a bow at the beginning and end of the round. One round is held within three minutes.
Before standing in front of the Mato, insert seven darts (recommended) in your case. Two darts are for backup. (See Picture C)
Picture A
Picture B
Picture C
 
Basic Motion 2 Kamaeru/Stance
After bowing, angle yourself to the line at 45 degrees. Stand with your feet shoulder-width apart. (See Picture D)
Relax , and straighten your neck and back. This is "the basic posture for stance". (See Picture D)
Hold your pipe with both hands between your thumb and forefinger (See Picture E) and keep it parallel to the floor.
Place one hand five centimeters away from the edge. Your hands should be placed at shoulder width.
Take out a dart from your case.
Keeping your pipe parallel to the floor, insert the dart with one hand to the point just where you cannot see it. (See Picture F)
Return to the basic posture for stance, with your fingers pointing to the floor.
Your eyes should look straight ahead of you at any time during "the basic posture for stance".
Picture D
Picture E
Picture F
 
Basic Motion 3 Raise your pipe
From this step, "Sport Fukiya Breathing" begins.
Stretch your arms, and raise them over your head like drawing a big circle with your arms. As you raise your arms, you need to inhale through your nose. When your arms reach your ears, or are raised as closely to your ears as possible, you should be at the point of your deepest inhale. This whole movement should take about three seconds.
Try to look straight in front of you. (See Picture G to I)
Picture G
Picture H
Picture I
 
Basic Motion 4 Exhale
This is the stage where you concentrate and focus yourself. You may close your eyes or keep them half opened to enhance concentration.
Stretch your arms, and exhale as you lower them like drawing a big circle.
Exhale as slow and long as you can, while pulling in your belly muscles. (It may be easier to do this with your mouth shaped as when you whistle.) Exhaling should take about eight seconds for beginners, and ten to fifteen seconds for experienced players.
When exhaling, try not to make any sound.
Do not lean forward. Exhale all of your breath.
 
Basic Motion 5 Inhale
Reposition yourself so that you face the Mato.
Aim with your pipe and at the same time inhale through your nose. The air you inhale is the air you use to blow a dart.
At the time when aiming is finished, inhaling should be finished.
The hand on which the pipe is placed (left hand if you are right-handed) should point to the Mato as if aiming at the Mato with your finger. Keep your pipe parallel to the floor at all times.
Place your right hand by your mouth or hold the pipe gently. Bend your left elbow slightly and put your pipe onto the palm of your hand. Gripping the pipe may convey the motion of your body to the pipe and hinder your aiming. (See Picture J)
 
Picture J
Put your pipe into your mouth by 1 inch in order to avoid air leaking. It’s up to you how you keep the shape of your mouth and whether or not you bite your pipe.
Your eyes should always be directed at the center of the
Mato.
The air is actually in your lungs, but imagine that you are keeping the air in your belly, in particular around the part that is located beneath your belly button and that had traditionally been referred to as "Tanden" in Japan.
Try not to aim with one eye. Aim with both eyes.
It is banned to attach anything at any point within 30 centimeters from the end of the pipe.
It may be better to practice these motions without darts at first.
 
Basic Motion 6 Blow
Look at the Mato well. Beginners may well count 1, 2, and 3, and blow.
This is the step where you concentrate yourself. Try not to think of anything.
It is important to blow out your air in one swift breath. Practice so you can feel your lower belly deflate the moment you release air.
Always keep in mind what you want to improve in your performance when you blow. You will not improve if you practice without thinking. You ought to challenge yourself with each blow. This way, every blow will leave a strong impression on you and you will accumulate significant experience even if you miss your mark.
The thoracic and abdominal breathing used in Basic Motions 3 to 6 is called Sport Fukiya Breathing.
 
Basic Motion 7 Calm-down
Even after blowing, your mind should still be directed at the Mato. This state is called "Zanshin" in Japanese martial arts, which means literally "remaining mind and body" and is the state of keeping alert or holding your guard after a successful stroke or shot.
After blowing, keep looking at the Mato and stretch out your right arm (if you are right handed) in front of your chest slowly. Keep both arms at about the level of your eyes. When you finish this, direct your eyes in front of you. Lower your arms slowly as you calm your breathing. Now you are back to "the basic posture for stance" and ready to insert the next dart.
Picture K
 
Basic Motion 8 Rei/Bow
After blowing 5 darts, stand straight facing the Mato. Hold your pipe like you did at the beginning (See Picture L) and take a bow towards the Mato.
Picture L
Step back approximately 1m after bow and wait quietly at the competition etc.
 
This is all that is needed for the Basic Motions.
 
Things to Do After Blowing

Now we will explain what you should do after the blowing. The equipment used is included in the introductory set for beginners.

-Yanuki (pulling out the darts you blew) and Point Rating After blowing five darts and bowing, go see the Mato for point rating,For beginners, just hitting the Mato is a great achievement.
The first goal is scoring 25 points. Refer to the following chapter “Dan-Kyu Ranking System” for the relationship between the points and the distance to the Mato.
After point rating, pull out your darts from the Mato using your Yanuki stick. Hold the leading end of the dart and slowly pull it out by using the other hand. If you do not have a Yanuki stick, you can pull the darts out with your hands.
Put your darts back in your case.

-Cleaning your pipe
After blowing several darts, the inside of your pipe gets wet from the moisture of your breath. In that case, darts may stick to the inside of your pipe and may not fly properly. To avoid this, use a pipe cleaner. Wipe the inside of your pipe with a pipe cleaner after every round. Exchange cloth or tissue regularly for sanitation.

-Confirmation of your darts
Make a habit of checking the condition of your darts after cleaning up your pipe.
Darts may become deformed, and the nail on the head may come off with use. Darts in poor conditions will not fly properly. You may be able to repair them using glue. But we recommend that you ask specialists for help. Deformed darts may be fixed by inserting a Yanuki stick into the dart.
It is important that the internal diameter of your pipe matches the diameter of the dart. To make sure the size is right, hold the pipe vertically and drop a dart into it. If the dart falls into the pipe with a small friction sound, the size is appropriate. To modify the diameter of a dart, you may trim the fletchings

Everything written above is the principle and recommended methods that authorized instructors teach to Sport Fukiya beginners. The content is subject to change after the regular review of the extension and diffusion committee. Any change will be informed in the bulletin of Japan Sport Fukiya Association.