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SPORT FUKIYA -ENGLISH-


Basic Motions (KihonDousa) of Sport Fukiya

Any sport has its basic motions (Kihon Dousa) and forms. If you do not learn them, you cannot have good results. The same is true of Sport Fukiya. It is not so simple as just holding a Tsutsu to your mouth and blowing. To fully enjoy the Sport Fukiya and maximize the good effect it has on your health, you need to master basic motions (Kihon Dousa) and practice them.
In the next section, we will explain the equipment used in Sport Fukiya and the basic motions (Kihon Dousa) made with them.

 
- Authorized Equipment -
The following is a list of the equipment used in Sport Fukiya. All equipment is authorized by Japan Sport Fukiya Association.
Tsutsu (Tube, Pipe)
  Length: 1200mm (47 inches), 1000mm (39 inches)
Inner Diameter: 13mm (0.5 inch)
Material: coated fiberglass plastic, carbon plastic, etc.
(1 on picture)
Ya (Dart)
  Length: 200mm (7.8 inches)
Material: plastic film and metal
(2 on Picture)
Mato (seal) (Target Sticker)
  Scoring Numbers: 7, 5, 3, 1 points
Material: paper, or urethane
(3 on picture)
Mato (Target)
  Size: 330 x 330mm (12.9 x 12.9inches)
Material: urethane
(4 on picture)
Equipment
You are required to use authorized equipment in practicing Sport Fukiya.
 
Basic Motions (Kihon Dousa) of Sport Fukiya
Learning Sport Fukiya Breathing (Sport Fukiya-shiki Kokyuuhou)
Sport Fukiya is designed to help people live a healthy life. It derives its ability from Sport Fukiya Breathing (Sport Fukiya-shiki Kokyuuhou) that is based on abdominal breathing. The Basic Motions (Kihon Dousa) are so arranged as to make the most of Sport Fukiya Breathing (Sport Fukiya-shiki Kokyuuhou) and are “Kata” (correct form), which constitute the basis of practicing Sport Fukiya. While training and learning the Basic Motions (Kihon Dousa) you will understand the importance of "「心技練磨」Shin-Gi-Ren-Ma" (the training of the spirit and technique) that is set up as the eternal motto of Sport Fukiya.
The Basic motions (Kihon Dousa) are a series of motions that begin from and end with Rei (bow). The smooth motions create beautiful forms, bring about deep breathing, heighten concentration, and give you vitality.
Through the Basic Motions (Kihon Dousa) mentioned below,please learn the forms of Sport Fukiya and Sport Fukiya Breathing (Sport Fukiya-shiki Kokyuuhou). For the handicapped persons, certified instructors make proper advice based on the grade of disability.
 
These are several basic motions (Kihon Dousa) of Sport Fukiya.
 
1.
Rei wo suru - take a bow towards the Mato
 
2.
Kamaeru - take a stance with your legs shoulder-width apart and insert Ya
 
3.
Tsutsu wo ageru - Breathe in through your nose as you raise your Tsutsu
 
4.
Iki wo haku - breathe out through your mouth as you lower your Tsutsu
 
5.
Iki wo suu - look at the Mato and taking a deep breath, aim at the Mato
 
6.
Fuku - make one short strong blow
 
7.
Iki wo totonoeru - calm your breathing while lowering your Tsutsu
 
8.
Rei wo suru - take a bow toward the Mato
Conducting these motions correctly with Sport Fukiya Breathing (Sport Fukiya-shiki Kokyuuhou) will heighten concentration and bring about a wonderful effect on your body and mind.
 
Explanation of basic motions (Kihon Dousa)
 
Basic Motion 1 - Rei wo suru - take a bow towards the Mato

In traditional Japanese martial arts and traditional Japanese arts, bowing must be done at the beginning and the end, which is the same for Sport Fukiya. You will realize the meaning of bowing in increasing depth as you practice and train your spirit and technique.

Stand right in front of the Mato. (See Picture 1)
@ Hold your Tsutsu in between the thumb and forefinger of either right or left hand. (See Picture 2)
  - Do not bend your elbow and do not touch your Tsutsu onto the floor. (Keep about 5cm – 2inches between the tip of Tsutsu and the floor.)
A Look at the Mato.
B Rei wo suru -Take a bow towards the Mato.
 

- When you bow, try to keep your upper part of the body straight. Bow about 30 degrees (look at about 3m forward on the floor).
- Keep Tsutsu vertically and not to swing your Tsutsu backward. (See Picture 3)
- One round is done with five Ya. Take a bow at the beginning and end of the round.
- One round is held within three minutes. Before standing in front of the Mato, insert seven Ya (recommended) in your case. Two Ya are for backup.
- Rei of the Sport Fukiya declares that he (or she) will start blowing pleasantly with thanks to the good health to himself (or herself) and persons around him (or her).

From here, we explain as if you are the right-handed person. If you are the left-hander, please change to read "right" as "left" (or opposite).
Picture 1
Picture 2
Picture 3
 
Basic Motion 2 - Kamaeru- Take a stance with your legs shoulder-width apart and insert Ya
@ After bowing, angle yourself to the line at 45 degrees. Stand with your feet shoulder-width apart. (See Picture 4)
A Hold your Tsutsu by your left hand at its center part, keeping it level with the floor, then, take out a Ya from your case and insert the Ya to the blowing point of Tsutsu just where the Ya is hidden in the Tsutsu. * Do not insert the Ya like throwing into the Tsutsu.
B Hold your Tsutsu with both hands between your thumb and forefinger and keep it level with the floor. Place right hand five centimeters (2inches) away from the blowing edge. Your hands should be placed at shoulder width. (See Picture 5)
C Keep your Tsutsu level with the floor and lower your hands with your fingers pointing to the floor.
D Relax, and straighten your neck and back. This is “the basic posture for Kamaeru”. (See Picture 6)
  - Your eyes should look straight ahead of you at any time during “the basic posture for Kamaeru”.
Picture 4
Picture 5
Picture 6
 
Basic Motion 3 – Tsutsu wo ageru - Breathe in through your nose as you raise your Tsutsu
From this step, “Sport Fukiya Breathing (Sport Fukiya-shiki Kokuuhou)” begins.
@ Stretch your arms to the fingertips, and raise the Tsutsu over your head like drawing a big circle with your fingertips. As you raise your arms, you need to inhale through your nose. When your arms reach your ears, or are raised as closely to your ears as possible, you should be at the point of your deepest inhale. (See Picture 7 - 9)
 

- This whole movement should take about three seconds.
- Try to look straight in front of you.
- By raising your Tsutsu, you can widen your chest and breathe in as much air as possible.
- At the same time, you can stretch your back muscle for your health.

Picture 7
Picture 8
Picture 9
 
Basic Motion 4 – Iki wo haku - Breathe out through your mouth as you lower your Tsutsu
@ This is the most important stage of the Sport Fukiya Breathing (Sport Fukiya-shiki Kokyuuhou), where you concentrate and focus yourself. You may close your eyes or keep them half opened to enhance concentration.
  - Stretch your arms, and exhale from your mouth, when you lower Tsutsu slowly like drawing a big circle by the fingertips. Exhaling should take about nine seconds. (See Picture 10-12)
- To maximize the effect of the Sport Fukiya Breathing (Sport Fukiya-shiki Kokyuuhou), exhale from the mouth as slow and long and try to exhale all of your breath, while pulling in your abdominals.
- It may be easier to do this with your mouth shaped as when you whistle.
- When exhaling, do not lean forward and try not to make any sound.
- Try to exhale all of your breath.
A After lower both arms (fingertips towards the floor, See Picture 12), face the Mato immediately. Do not keep your face look straight ahead after lower the arms.
  - Motions and breathing of the Sport Fukiya should be connected with smoothly. Otherwise, you may not get good result.
Picture 10
Picture 11
Picture 12
 
Basic Motion 5 - Iki wo suu - look at the Mato and taking a deep breath, aim at the Mato
@ Keeping your eyes to the Mato, raise your Tsutsu near to your body, level with the floor. While raising your Tsutsu, inhale through your nose, aim with your Tsutsu at the Mato, and hold it in your mouth. (See Picture 13)
  - At the time when aiming is finished, inhaling should be finished.
- Keep your Tsutsu level with the floor at all times.
- When you aim at the Mato, you need not to straighten your arms like standing at arm’s length.
 
Picture 13
A Put your Tsutsu into your mouth by about 3cm (1.2 inches) and hold it tightly.
  - Try to avoid air leaking. It’s up to you how you keep the shape of your mouth and whether or not you bite your Tsutsu.
B Place your right hand by your mouth or hold the Tsutsu gently. Bend your left elbow slightly (angle of the elbow is about 120 degrees) and put your Tsutsu onto the palm of your hand.
  - Try to avoid air leaking. It’s up to you how you keep the shape of your mouth and whether or not you bite your Tsutsu.
- Gripping the Tsutsu may convey the motion of your body to the Tsutsu and hinder your aiming. (See Picture 14, 15)
C Your eyes should always be directed at the center of the Mato.
  - The air is actually in your lungs, but you try to imagine that you are keeping the air in your abdomen, in particular around the part that is located beneath your belly button and that had traditionally been referred to as “Tanden” in Japan.
- Try not to aim with one eye. Aim with both eyes.
- It may be better to practice these motions without Ya at first.
Picture 14
Picture 15
 
Basic Motion 6 - Fuku - Make one short strong blow
@ Look at the Mato well. You may count 1, 2, and 3, and blow.
  - It is important to cover the Tsutsu by your lips tightly in order not to leak the air.
- This is the step where you concentrate yourself. Try not to think of anything.
- Blow out your air in one swift breath. Practice so you can feel your lower abdomen deflate the moment you release air.
- Always keep in mind what you want to improve in your performance when you blow. You will not improve if you practice without having a subject. You ought to challenge yourself with each blow. This way, every blow will leave a strong impression on you and you will accumulate significant experience even if you miss your mark.
 
Basic Motion 7 - Iki wo totonoeru - Calm your breathing while lowering your Tsutsu
Even after blowing, your mind should still be directed at the Mato and calm down your breathing.
This state is called “Zan-Shin” in Japanese martial arts, which means literally “remaining mind and body” and is the state of keeping alert or holding your guard after a successful stroke or shot. This gives calming effect to your mind and body.
@ After blowing, keep looking at the Mato and calm down your breath. Stretch out your both arms in front of you slowly. Keep both arms at about the level of your eyes. (See Picture 16)
Picture 16
A When you finish this, direct your eyes in front of you. Lower your arms slowly with about 6 seconds as you breathe out calmly. Now you are back to “the basic posture for stance”.
  - You are ready to insert the next Ya. (See Picture 17)
- The thoracic and abdominal breathing used in Basic Motions 3 to 7 is called Sport Fukiya Breathing (Sport Fukiya-shiki Kokyuuhou).
Picture 17
 
Basic Motion 8 - Rei wo suru - Take a bow toward the Mato
@ After blowing 5 Ya, stand straight facing the Mato. True up your heels, hold your Tsutsu like you did at the beginning (See Picture 18 - 20) and take a bow towards the Mato.
  - Lastly, take a Rei as Basic Motion “Rei wo suru” @−B
- After a Rei, put your Tsutsu on your Tsutsu stand, walk straightly to the Mato and check your points.
- When some persons blow together at the competition, examination of the grades etc., step back approximately 1m after Rei and wait quietly with your Tsutsu on hand vertically.
Picture 18
Picture 19
Picture 20
 
Things to do after blowing
Now we will explain what you should do after the blowing. The equipment used is considered the authorized one by Japan Sport Fukiya Association.
1.
Yanuki (pulling out the Ya you blew) and Point Rating
  - After blowing five Ya and Rei, come to the Mato for point rating.
- For beginners, just hitting the Mato is a great achievement.
- White part at the center of the Mato is 7 points (black small circle at the real center is also 7points). Red part is 5 points. Outer white part is 3 points, and outer black part is 1 point. When Ya hit the dividing line, count as a higher point.
- Refer to the following chapter “Dan-Kyu-I Ranking System” for the relationship between the points and the distance to the Mato.
- After point rating, pull out your Ya from the Mato using your Yanuki stick. (See Picture A)
- Hold the leading end of the Ya and slowly pull it out by using the other hand. If you do not have a Yanuki stick, you can pull the Ya out with your hands.
- Put your Ya back in your case.
 
Picture A
2.
Cleaning your Tsutsu
  - After blowing several Ya, the inside of your Tsutsu gets wet from the moisture of your breath. In that case, Ya may stick to the inside of your Tsutsu and may not fly properly.
- To avoid this, use a Tsutsu cleaner. (See Picture B)
- Wipe the inside of your Tsutsu with a Tsutsu cleaner after every round. Exchange cloth or tissue regularly for sanitation.
 
Picture B
3. Confirmation of your Ya
  - Make a habit of checking the condition of your Ya after cleaning up your Tsutsu.
- Ya may become deformed, and the nail on the head may come off with use. Ya in poor conditions will not fly properly.
- You may be able to repair them using glue. But we recommend that you ask specialists for help. Deformed Ya may be fixed by inserting a Yanuki stick into the Ya.
- It is important that the internal diameter of your Tsutsu matches the diameter of the Ya. To make sure the size is right, hold the Tsutsu vertically and drop a Ya into it. If the Ya falls down through the Tsutsu with a small friction sound, the size is appropriate. To modify the diameter of a Ya, you may trim the end of the Ya a little by little.
Everything written above is the principle and recommended methods that certified instructors teach to Sport Fukiya beginners. The content is subject to change after the regular review of the extension and diffusion committee. Any change will be informed in the bulletin of Japan Sport Fukiya Association.